As the English language has changed at a fast speed in this century, so has

游客2024-06-11  5

问题     As the English language has changed at a fast speed in this century, so has the use of the English language.
    After the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was founded in 1927, the particular style of speech of the BBC announcers was recognized as Standard English or Received Pronunciation (RP) English. Now, most people still consider that the pronunciation and delivery of BBC announcers is the clearest and most understandable spoken English.
    English has had a strong association with class and social status. However, since the Second World War there has been a considerable change of attitude towards speech snobbery, and hallmarks of class distinction such as styles of speech have been gradually discarded, especially by the younger generation.
    As the need has arisen, new words have been invented or found from other languages and incorporated into English. Similarly, old words and expressions have been discarded as their usefulness has diminished or the fashions have passed. This also happens to styles and modes of speech which became fashionable at a particular time and in specific circumstances.
    By the end of the 1960s it became apparent that it was not necessary to speak Standard English or even correct grammar to become popular, successful and rich. The fashionable speech of the day was no longer the prerogative of a privileged class but rather a defiant expression of class lessness.
    The greatest single influence of the shaping of the English language in modem times is the American English. Over the last 25 years the English used by many people, particularly by those in the media, advertising and show business, has become more and more mid-Atlantic in style, delivery and accent.
    In the 1970s, fashion favoured stressless pronunciation and a language full of jargon, slang and "in" words, much of it quite incomprehensible to the outside world. What is considered modem and fashionable in Britain today is often not the kind of English taught in schools and colleges. [br] The word "mid-Atlantic" in the passage (Para. 6) probably means______.

选项 A、American and European
B、American and British
C、the Atlantic Ocean
D、in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean

答案 B

解析 细“mid-Atlantic”即大西洋中部,第六段讲美国英语对英语影响很大,前面第二段又讲BBC英国英语一直是标准英语,这样现在的英语就必定是受美式英语很大影响的英式英语。地理上大西洋正好位于英、美之间,故此处mid-Atlan-tic意味着American and British故选B。
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